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Ernst Haas

Ernst Haas s-a nascut la 2 martie 1921 la Viena.


Urmeaza cursurile scolii LEH Grinzing, pe care le absolva in 1939 iar in 1941 se inscrie la Graphische Lehr und Versuchsanstalt pe care le paraseste dupa numai un semestru.


Ernst_Haas_02.jpg

Ernst Haas - Autoportret


In perioada 1943 - 1945 lucreza intr-un studio fotografic in Viena.


In 1949 incepe sa lucreze la revista Heute; realizeaza un eseu despre prizonierii de razboi care se intorceau in Viena, eseu pentru care este invitat si devine asociat la Magnum. Incepe sa fotografieze color.


In 1951 este premiat cu medalia de aur din partea Art Directors Club of New York pentru eseul despre New York.


In in 1951 se muta la New York si realizeaza pentru revista Life un eseu cu fotografii color pe 24 pagini, care va fi publicat in 1953 sub titlul "Images of Magic City".


In 1953 calatoreste in Asia pentru a fotografia razboiul din Vietnam.


In 1954 primeste Leavitt Award din partea American Society of Magazine Photographers.


In 1955 calatoreste si fotografiaza in Indonesia.


Ernst_Haas_01.jpg

Magnum, 1955


In 1958 este premiat cu The Art Directors Club Medal Special Award, din partea Art Directors Club of New York.


In 1960 este premiat cu Gold Medal de Art Directors Club of New York.


In 1961 este premiat cu Gold Medal de Art Directors Club of Philadelphia.


In 1962 publica primul sau album, "Elements" si este premiat cu Medal for Architectural Photography de The American Institute of Architects.


In 1963 i se acorda Silver Medal din partea Designers & Art Directors Association of London.


In 1968 este invitat de guvernul indian sa viziteze si fotografieze taberele de refugiati tibetani.


In 1971 publica primul sau album: "The Creation" la ed. Viking Press.
In 1971 este premiat cu Honor Roll de catre American Society of Magazine Photographers.


In 1972 este premiat de societatea fotografica germana cu Der Kulturpreis der Deutschen Gesellschaft fur Photographie.


In 1972 incepe sa fotografieze pentru Marlboro cu care va colabora 12 ani.


In 1975 publica albumul "In America" la editura Viking Press.


Ernst_Haas_03.jpg

Impala Granzing


In 1977 realizeaza cea mai mare fotografie color produsa pana atunci: "Impalas Grazing" pentru Grand Central Station. In acelasi an publica albumul de fotografii "In Germany", la editura Viking Press.


In 1978 este distins cu Wilson Hicks Award, University of Miami si, in acelasi an publica albumul "Himalayan Pilgrimage" (Viking Press).


Ernst_Haas_05.jpg


In 1980 este distins cu Merit Award, Art Directors Club of New York


In 1985 primeste The Photographic Administrator Award for Creative Achievement
Honorary Master of Science in Professional Photography, de la Brooks Institute, Santa Barbara, California.


In 1986 este premiat cu:
- Ema and Victor Hasselblad Foundation Gold Medal and Photographic Prize
- Leica Medal of Excellence: Master of Photography
- Goldens Verdienstkreuz des Landes Wien, Austria
- The Hasselblad Foundation International Award in Photography


Se stinge din viata in 12 septembrie 1986.


In 1989 este lansat albumul retrospectiv "Ernst Haas: Color Photography" (Harry N. Abrams) iar in 1992 "Ernst Haas in Black and White" (Bulfinch).

 


* * *

 


Haas a fost initial cunoscut ca un pionier in fotografia color iar la maturitate a fost renumit pentru fotografia de natura, sport si luptele cu tauri. A obtinut numeroase comenzi comerciale la companii precum Marlboro, Chrysler si Volkswagen.


Haas fotografia initial in stilul documentar dar treptat a experimentat noi cai de fotografie in special fotografii miscate sau defocalizate. Fotograful arata: "eu nu cred in fotografia pentru ea insasi; eu cred ca un fotograf trebuie sa fie in conexiune cu toate celelalte arte", el insusi fiind interesat de poezie, muzica si pictura.


In primii ani de lucru in Statele Unite, dezamagit de fotografiile in alb-negru realizate in desertul New Mexico, Haas incepe sa fotografieze in color, experimentind si deschizind drumuri noi in fotografie. Despe Haas se spunea ca are ochi de pictor si suflet de poet si ca, inainte ca Haas sa fotografieze color, nu existau fotografii color, ci doar colorate.


Edward Steichen spunea despre Haas ca este un "spirit liber, ne-incatusat de traditii sau teorii" si a organizat prima expozitie cu fotografii color la MOMA (Museum of Modern Art, New York).


Desi fotografia si reportaj, Haas nu a fost interesat sa fotografieze reportaje in color. Devine tot mai preocupat in redarea spatiului si timpului, simultan in fotografiile sale, care apar ca miscate, doar siluete, sau reflexii: "pentru a exprima miscarea sub forma unui moment inghetat a devenit insuficient pentru mine; ideea a fost sa ma eliberez de conceptele vechi si sa realizez imagini prin care privitorul poate simti frumusetea celei de-a patra dimensiuni; in muzica, nu ne reamintim o nota ci o melodie sau o tema; in dans nu un moment anume ci frumusetea miscarii in spatiu si in timp". In acest sens stau marturie fotografiile realizate la luptele cu tauri in care brutalitatea scenei devine un adevarat balet.


Ernst_Haas_06.jpg


Dupa ce participa ca fotograf de platou la secventa "Geneza" ("The Bible", John Huston), lucreaza treisprezece ani la realizarea a patru albume fotografice: "The Creation" (1971) care au fost vandute in peste 350.000 exemplare.


Despre Haas, Chartier-Bresson spunea: "pentru mine, Ernst este sensibilitatea insasi!"

 



 


Expozitii individuale:
1947 Centru Crucii Rosii Americane, Vienna, Austria.
1960 Cologne, Germany, Photokina. ERNST HAAS.
1962 New York, The Museum of Modern Art. ERNST HAAS: COLOR PHOTOGRAPHY.
1962 Sponsorizat de cotidianul Manchini (Japonia) ERNST HAAS: COLOR PHOTOGRAPHY.
1963 ERNST HAAS WORLD OF COLOR, sponsorizat de Eastman Kodak, itinerata pe cinci continente.
1964 St. Louis, Steinberg Hall, Washington University. ERNST HAAS/COLOR PHOTOGRAPHY.
1964 New York, The IBM Gallery. POETRY IN COLOR.
1965 THE ART OF SEEING expozitie organizata de Kodak, itinerata in America de Nord, Europa, Asia si Brazilia.
1968-1971 New York, Asia House Gallery. ANGKOR AND BALI: TWO WORLDS OF ERNST HAAS.
1971 New York, Rizzoli Gallery. THE CREATION.
1972 Vienna and Graz, Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts; Kulturhaus, Kulturamt der Stadt Graz. ERNST HAASÑNACHKRIEG. (After the War).
1972 Cologne, Photokina. ERNST HAAS: DIE SCHOPFUNG. (The Creation).
1973 Munich, Photomuseum im Munchner Stadimuseum. ERNST HAAS: DIE SCHOPFUNG. (The Creation).
1973 Eisenstadt, Landesgalerie im Schloss Esterhazy. ERNST HAAS: HEIMKEHRER. (Returning Soldiers).
1973 Vienna, sterreichisches Museum far Angewandte Kunst. ERNST HAAS: DIE SCHOPFUNG. (The Creation).
1973 London, Kodak Gallery. THE CREATION.
1975 New York, Austrian Institute. ERNST HAAS: POSTWAR PHOTOGRAPHS 1945-1949.
1976 New York, Space Gallery. ERNST HAAS.
1976 New York, International Center of Photography si Port Washington Public Library. ERNST HAAS: AN AMERICAN EXPERIENCE.
1976-1977 Madrid, La Fotogaleria. ERNST HAAS.
1978 Cologne, Photokina. IN DEUTSCHLAND.
1978 New York, Space Gallery. THE CREATION AND OTHER DYES.
1980 Minneapolis, Elayne Art Gallery. THE CREATION.
1982 Salzburg, Galerie Fotohof. ERNST HAAS: HEIMKEHRER. (Returning Soldiers).
1984 St. Louis Botanical Garden.
1985 Santa Barbara, Calif., Western States Museum of Photography. ERNST HAAS.
1986 Rochester, Rochester Institute of Technology. TO SEE, TO BE.
1986 Houston, Larry Kauffman Galleries. ERNST HAAS PHOTOGRAPHS.
1986 Newton Upper Falls, Mass., Silver Visions Gallery. ERNST HAAS.
1986 Vienna, Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts. 1921 ERNST HAAS 1986.
1987 Gothenborg, Sweden. Rshsska Konstslsjdmuseet. ERNST HAAS.
1992 International Center of Photography, Midtown. ERNST HAAS IN BLACK AND WHITE.
1992 Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York City. American Photographs 1950-1975.
1993 A.O.I. Gallery, Santa Fe, New Mexico. UNPUBLISHED BLACK AND WHITE IMAGES.
1993 The Camera Obscura Gallery, Denver, Colorado. ERNST HAAS IN BLACK AND WHITE.
1994 A.O.I. Gallery, Santa Fe, New Mexico. REDISCOVERY OF A NEW VISION.
1994 Kathleen Ewing Gallery, Washington, D.C. ERNST HAAS IN BLACK AND WHITE.
1994 Etherton Gallery, Tucson, Arizona. ERNST HAAS IN BLACK AND WHITE.
1996 Neue Galerie der Stadt Linz, Austria. Ernst Haas (1921-1986) Photgraphien.
1998 Michael Hoppen Photography, London, U.K. ONLY TIME WILL TELL.
1999 Connoly's, London, U.K. CONTOUR AND COLOUR: ERNST HAAS AN EXHIBITION OF COLOUR PHOTOGRAPHY.
2000 Soho Triad Fine Arts, New York. ERNST HAAS : NEW YORK. 2001 Ann Shanks Gallery, Sheffield, Mass. ERNST HAAS: COLOR AND BLACK AND WHITE.

 


Expozitii de grup:
1951 New York, The Museum of Modern Art. MEMORABLE LlFE PHOTOGRAPHS.
1953 New York, The Museum of Modern Art. POSTWAR EUROPEAN PHOTOGRAPHY.
1955 New York, The Museum of Modern Art. THE FAMILY OF MAN.
1955 Paris, Grand Palais. BIENNALE DE LA PHOTO ET DU CINEMA DE PARIS.
1957-1958 New York, The Museum of Modern Art. SEVENTY PHOTOGRAPHERS LOOK AT NEW YORK.
1959 Rochester, George Eastman House. PHOTOGRAPHY AT MID-CENTURY.
1959 New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. PHOTOGRAPHY IN THE FINE ARTS. 1960 New York, The Museum of Modern Art. THE SENSE OF ABSTRACTION IN CONTEMPORARY PHOTOGRAPHY.
1960 THE WORLD AS SEEN BY MAGNUM PHOTOGRAPHERS. Organized by Magnum Photos with the cooperation of the Mainichi Newspapers of Japan and circulated throughout the world.
1960 New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. PHOTOGRAPHY IN THE FINE ARTS.
1964 Hamburg, Kunsthallen und Kulturinstituten. WELTAUSSTELLUNG DER PHOTOGRAPHIE. (World Exhibition of Photography).
1964 New York, The Museum of Modern Art. THE PHOTO ESSAY.
1965 New York, Gallery of Modern Art. IPEX.
1966 Lincoln, Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery, University of Nebraska. AMERICAN PHOTOGRAPHY: THE SIXTIES.
1967 Ottawa, The National Gallery of Canada. PHOTOGRAPHY IN THE 20TH CENTURY. Organized by The George Eastman House of Photography and traveled to Saskatoon, The Mendel Art Center; Sherbrooke, Quebec, Sherbrook University Art Gallery; Kingston, The Agnes Etherington Art Center, Queens University.
1972-1973 London, Camden Arts Center. PHOTOGRAPHY INTO ART: AN INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION OF PHOTOGRAPHY. Sponsored by The Arts Council of Great Britain.
1973 Jerusalem, The Israel Museum. THE CONCERNED PHOTOGRAPHER 2. Organized by Cornell Capa in cooperation with The International Fund for Concerned Photography and traveled throughout Europe and the United States.
1973 Hamburg, 3. WELTAUSTELLUNG DER PHOTOGRAPHIE: UNTERWEGS ZUM PARADIES. (3rd World Exhibition of Photography: The Path to Paradise).
1974 Vienna, Kulturhaus der Stadt Graz im Steirischen Herbst '74, Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts. KREATIVE FOTOGRAFIE AUS ·STERREICH.
1975-1976 New Haven, Yale University Art Gallery. COLOR PHOTOGRAPHY: INVENTORS AND INNOVATORS, 1850-1975.
1976 Cologne, Kunsthalle Kslnischer Kunstverein Forum. PHOTOKINA: WELTMESSE DER PHOTOGRAPHIE.
1976 Vienna, Rathaus, Volkshalle. REFLECTIONS: IMAGES OF AMERICA.
1977 Milan, Sezione Culturale, Comune di Milano. SICOF '77.
1978 New York, The Museum of Modern Art. MIRRORS AND WINDOWS: AMERICAN PHOTOGRAPHY SINCE 1960.
1979 New York, Fifth Avenue stores. CELEBRATION: NEW YORK IN COLOR.
1979 Innsbruck, Linz, Graz, and Vienna; Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Neue Galerie am Wolfgang Gurlitt Museum, Neue Galerie am Landesmuseum Joanneum, Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts. PHOTOGRAPHIE ALS KUNST 1879-1979, KUNST ALS PHOTOGRAPHIE 1949-1979.
1979 Venice. VENEZIA '79: LA FOTOGRAFIA. Exhibited at various locations throughout the municipality.
1980 Sao Paulo, Museu de Arte de Sao Paulo. FOTOGRAFIA ARTE E USO (Photography, Art, and Usage).
1980 Cologne, Photokina. GLANZLICHTER DER PHOTOGRAPHIE: 30 JAHRE PHOTOKINA BILDERSCHAUEN. (Highlights of Photography: 30 Years of Looking at Pictures).
1980 Princeton, The Squibb Gallery. I SING THE BODY ELECTRIC.
1980-1981 New York, International Center of Photography; Tucson, University of Arizona; The Minneapolis Institute of Arts; Long Beach, The Art Galleries, California State University; Wilmington, Delaware Art Museum.
1982 Washington, D.C., Corcoran Gallery of Art; Rochester, New York, International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House. COLOR AS FORM: A HISTORY OF COLOR PHOTOGRAPHY.
1983 Vienna, Stadthalle. FOTOGRAFIE 83.
1983-1985 Vienna, Graz, and Linz; Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts, Neue Galerie am Landesmuseum Joanneum und Kunstlerhaus, and Neue Galerie der Stadt Linz. GESCHICHTE DER FOTOGRAFIE IN ·STERREICH. (The History of Photography in Austria).
1985 New York, Pace/McGill Gallery. PHOTOGRAPHS FROM THE MAGNUM ARCHIVES 1932-1967.
1985 Beijing, Workers' Cultural Palace. NEW YORK: THE CITY AND ITS PEOPLE.
1986 Hanover, Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College. IN SPITE OF EVERYTHING, YES.
1987 Paris, Palais de Tokyo. LE TEMPS D'UN MOUVEMENT: AVENTURES ET MESAVENTURES DE L'INSTANT PHOTOGRAPHIQUE. Organized by the Centre National de la Photographie.
1988-1989 New York, International Center of Photography. MASTER PHOTOGRAPHS FROM "PHOTOGRAPHY IN THE FINE ARTS" EXHIBITIONS, 1959-1967.
1994 Paris, London, MAGNUM AND THE CINEMA.
1994 USA and Europe. MAGIC MOMENTS, 40 YEARS OF LEICA PHOTOGRAPHY.
1994 Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York City. APPEAL TO THIS AGE: THE PHOTOGRAPHY OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT, 1954-1968
1995 Barcelona, Spain. POSTWAR EUROPE, 1945-1965. ART AFTER THE FLOOD.
1995 G.Ray Hawkins Gallery, Santa Monica, CA. ACT II: KISSING.
1997 Uma Gallery, New York City. MATERS IN PHOTOGRAPHY: Alfred Eisenstaedt, Ernst Haas, Andre Kertesz, Eugene Smith, Roman Vishniac 1999 Ann Shanks Gallery, Sheffield, Massachusetts, ERNST HAAS AND W.EUGENE SMITH.
2000 Maine Coast Artists, Rockport, Maine. PHOTOGRAPHING MAINE: 1840-2000.
2000 Leica Gallery, New York, PHOTOGRAPHING AUSTRIA.
2000 International Center of Photography, New York, REFLECTIONS IN A GLASS EYE, Works from the International Center of Photography Collection.
2000 Brooke Alexander, New York, PHOTOGRAPHS OF NEW YORK.
2000 Whitney Museum of Art, New York, EDWARD STEICHEN, Haas photographs included in the partial recreation of the Family of Man Exhibition.

 


Galeria de imagini - >

 


Saptesprezece decenii de fotografie ...

 



Marian Gadea

noiembrie, 2010
© Foto-magazin.ro

 

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